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The Last Supper ~ Passover or not.

Mar 7, 2012 by     17 Comments    Posted under: Uncategorized


At first when learning about the feast days I was guessing that the last supper was probably Yeshua/Jesus observing the Passover. I was taught that by a number of different teachers but over the course of this last year, I have changed my mind as is evident in my Easter Fraud Chart that you see over on the right side of the page. I created that chart after coming to the conclusion that the “Last Supper” as its called was not Yeshua/Jesus celebrating the Passover but instead simply breaking bread with his disciples, his family. How could he eat the Passover if he was the Passover?

You are sure going to enjoy this teaching. Its a PDF with 170+ slides so get ready to spend sometime with it. This would be a good Shabbat day study when you are sitting around and have some peace and quiet to read it and look at some scripture.

Click the link below to open the PDF file. Enjoy!
http://www.new2torah.com/PDF/LastSupper2.pdf

If you have trouble viewing the slideshow lesson below, you may need to view this page in Internet Explorer.

Download (PDF, 1.11MB)

17 Comments + Add Comment

  • Matthew 26:17-20
    17 On the first day of Unleavened Bread the disciples came to Jesus and asked, Where do You want us to prepare the Passover so You may eat it?
    18 Go into the city to a certain man, He said, and tell him, The Teacher says: My time is near; I am celebrating the Passover at your place with My disciples. 19 So the disciples did as Jesus had directed them and prepared the Passover. 20 When evening came, He was reclining at the table with the Twelve.

    Mark 14:12-15
    12 On the first day of Unleavened Bread, when they sacrifice the Passover lamb, His disciples asked Him, Where do You want us to go and prepare the Passover so You may eat it?
    13 So He sent two of His disciples and told them, Go into the city, and a man carrying a water jug will meet you. Follow him. 14 Wherever he enters, tell the owner of the house, The Teacher says, Where is the guest room for Me to eat the Passover with My disciples? 15 He will show you a large room upstairs, furnished and ready. Make the preparations for us there. 16 So the disciples went out, entered the city, and found it just as He had told them, and they prepared the Passover.

    Luke 22:7-16
    7 Then the Day of Unleavened Bread came when the Passover lamb had to be sacrificed. 8 Jesus sent Peter and John, saying, Go and prepare the Passover meal for us, so we can eat it.
    9 Where do You want us to prepare it? they asked Him.
    10 Listen, He said to them, when youve entered the city, a man carrying a water jug will meet you. Follow him into the house he enters. 11 Tell the owner of the house, The Teacher asks you, Where is the guest room where I can eat the Passover with My disciples? 12 Then he will show you a large, furnished room upstairs. Make the preparations there.
    13 So they went and found it just as He had told them, and they prepared the Passover. 14 When the hour came, He reclined at the table, and the apostles with Him. 15 Then He said to them, I have fervently desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer. 16 For I tell you, I will not eat it again until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God.

    It specifically says they prepared the pesach. Pesach is the sacrifice. This may have been an early Passover because He new he would die during the sacrifices. We do community Passovers all the time now a day early at least. It could also be that Yeshua was going by the aviv and not by the set calendar. The problem with this theory is that the significance of his death during the proper timing of the pesach seems more important than eating their own at the proper time.

  • The verses you give lead us to believe it was Passover, the meal they ate, and yet, Teresa is right in that on Passover, you are instructed in Exodus to eat it with shoes on, stick in hand, and that once it is eaten , you do not leave your house.

    These details are not present in this supper, although the preparations are made, the meal is not eaten, as Christ was to be the sacrificial lamb, and especially the timing of this meal. If it was eaten the night before the lambs are sacrificed, it could not be the Passover.

    Also, they leave after eating, first Judas, then all of them, they would not have done that after the Passover meal.

  • Another detail about Passover is that lamb and bitter herbs are part of the meal, they are not mentioned in this meal. And if not all eaten, the remains are to be burned the next morning.

  • I am posing the suggestion that perhaps Yeshua is instructing them in new meanings for the meal. It is very much like the community Seders that are done today. Just a thought.

  • No, it wasn’t the Passover…Yeshua gave sop of leavened bread to Judas, when he left, the place was clean of leaven.

  • I have gone back & forth with this a few times in the past year. It is hard to tell what is going on if you just read a translated bible. If you go through all the slides of the above teaching, a lot of the misconceptions can be reconciled with the Greek words/meanings. The book of John reads very different from the other gospels & is clear that this was not Passover. John gives a great timeline & details. (Esp. John 19:31 which lists it as the Preparation when Yeshua was dead on the cross & John 18:28 where the priests did not want to be defiled so they could eat Passover).
    Plus, the other thing mentioned about leaving the house, they wouldn’t have done that. And remember when the disciples thought Judas left to purchase something for the feast in John 13:29? That would be breaking Torah since it would be a High Sabbath.
    Yah bless!

  • It is also my understanding that preparing for the Passover means removing the leaven from the house.
    I also noted – where were the other disciples when Yeshua was hanging on the cross? Could it be they were making the Passover sacrifice? I know that sounds impossible to us however they knew to be obedient to the word of YHVH. Certain ones evidently chose to be unclean and partake in the 2nd Passover.
    Thanks for providing support to what I have been saying for a while but didn’t have the info to support it.
    Unfortunately I think it is difficult for man to let go of his traditions and therefore most will not want to see nor hear this because it messes with their traditions.
    Personally I find it much more enlightening to know that everyday I am to take the time to break bread in remembrance of Him – it helps keep me on track. Just doing it occasionally is not nearly as significant.
    My evening meals will have much more significance for me from now on even though I am alone in this.
    I am not saying that Passover is not significant however if I am only reminded once a year I get off track rather quickly – but then YHVH knew that didn’t He!

  • Hebrews makes it clear that He fulfilled all the sacrifices. He could not die at the same time as all of them. If he can fulfil the sacrifices of, say, Yom Kippur, for us then he can just as easily be our passover even if he did not die at the same time as passover lambs.

    There are enough verses in the Gospels to make it clear that he did eat Passover with the disciples, just before he died. If Passover was eaten on the evening beginning the 14th Nissan, the Preparation day could refer to the day of preparation before the Sabbath beginning Unleavened Bread which would be 14 Nissan.

    5 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at even, is Jehovah’s passover. 6 And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto Jehovah: seven days ye shall eat unleavened bread.
    Lev 23:5-6 (ASV)

  • Eve,

    With all due respect as a fellow brother in Messiah I implore you to read through the presentation above and pray that YHWH gives you the discernment and guidance of the Holy Spirit. Once you start looking at the Gospels as one continuous story told at different points in time you will realize that he did not eat the passover meal. You say that the meal would`ve been eaten on the evening BEGINNING the 14th of Nissan or Aviv but in reality they would partake of the feast on the evening beginning the 15th of aviv going into the feast of unleavened bread, hence why Y`shua could not have been eating passover for he was on the cross atoning for our sins.

  • When is the passover? The 14th.

    When did YHVH passover the Israelites? Midnight. (Ex. 12:29)

    When did they eat the passover meal? Beginning of the 14th day. There is only 1 midnight on the 14. The end of the 14th is 12 hours too late. Yeshua knows when to keep passover, most then did not.

    It is by his blood on the 14 day, that YHVH passed us over from death to life yet again.

    2 cents non the richer, but 2 cents non the less.

    Love your site!

  • Notice Luke 22:14-20 (13th slide) indicates that Passover is not entirely fulfilled yet.

    Chris

  • Jesus did not eat Passover with his disiples he was the Passover sacrifice on 14th day he died for our sins, just as the lamb was sacrificed on the 14th so was Christ. On the 14th even was the Passover, Christ was in the tomb already.

    EXODUS CHAPTER 12:18 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at even, ye shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the month at even.
    (We know the exact days by this verse in the Bible 14th at sundown – 21st at sundown)

    13th at even the end of that day Last Supper, With the bread and wine. Jesus was betrayed, arrested, while it was still dark.
    14th during the day was the preparation day and in the sixth hour (noon) christ was crucified. He was taken off the cross before the High Sabbath started at sunset, and placed in his tomb.

    14th at even was 1 day of unleavened bread, the Passover, and a High Sabbath

    JOHN CHAPTER 19
    14 And it was the preparation of the passover, and about the sixth hour: and he saith unto the Jews, Behold your King!
    16 ¶ Then delivered he him therefore unto them to be crucified. And they took Jesus, and led him away.
    31 ¶ The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,)

    I CORINTHIANS CHAPTER 5
    7 ¶ Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us:
    8 Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.

    (Christ is our Passover with unleavend bread and wine we remember him. on the day he died for us 14th just as the lamb was sacrificed on that day so was Christ)

  • I tend to agree with those who believe that the Messiah ate the Passover at the beginning of the 14th (after sunset on the 13th) and then He died the next day (still the 14th). Maria Merola wrote an extremely in-depth article on this exact scenario that is worth the read. I read the entire 170+ slide power point, and there are some valid points that the author makes, but in my opinion only, I think we/the author put to much stock in what and how the Jews did Passover, and instead should rely as much as possible on scripture.

    While I love and respect the Jews, many of their traditions, etc., I think it’s dangerous to assume that just because they did feasts a certain way, means that they where following Torah. For instance, in today’s Passover sedar, many times they use a hard boiled egg. This is a direct reference to the pagan easter bunny and sun god worship. While today’s sedar probably isn’t exactly what the Jews where doing in 30 AD, my point is that just because the Jews where doing certain practices doesn’t mean those practices where according to Torah. Anyway, those are just my current thoughts, my wife and I are still somewhat new2torah (less than 1 year), but we have been doing our best to read, study, and learn as much as possible, and this is where we currently are, who knows, Yah may change my views. Here is a link to Maria’s article:

    http://doubleportioninheritance.blogspot.com/2012/04/messiah-ate-real-passover-night-before.html

  • Heretic,blassphemy! The Scriptures are clear as day when saying Yeshua kept the Pesach, feast of unleavened bread. on the eve of his death. The meal and sedar observed, after the meal they went to getseman and mt of olives. He was captured and taken to pharisees + high priest. A day is from sunset to sunset!!!! The next morning – still the same day – he was taken to pilate and crucified. He died 3pm and was buried on the same day before sunset!!!! He HAD to keep the passover because if He didn’t he would have sinned!

    • He WAS the Passover…he did not partake in that Passover although He much desired to do so. He can’t eat the Passover and still be the Passover. Blessings!

  • 14th sunset 1st hour of day Pesach sedar, before sunset – last hou of day He was already crucified and buried! Died at 9th hour that we know is 3pm. Thus “midnight” is 12th hour which is 18h00/6pm by which time he was put in the tomb. It had to be 3 days and 3 nights to be resurrected on first fruit sunday!!! This brings us to thursday / 14th of aviv. Just like not washing hands and leaving their dwellings to preach and do miracles on sabbaths, he left the house to go to His Father’s house. It was not their house where the pesach was held. Not leaving the house is a by-law to prevent mankind from sinning. He wasn’t going to sin, so why not leave 4 walls made by man to enter His Father’s house?

  • I have taught for years that the last meal with His Disciples was NOT a Passover Seder. I teach Feast Days in a Baptist Church and have watched as people realize the Old Testament still had purpose to even the first believers. Paul hurried to Jerusalem to complete a temporary Nazarite vow. Many are surprised when this is pointed out.

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